Last Updated : 29 Jul, 2024

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In mathematics, sequences are fundamental in understanding patterns and relationships between numbers. The arithmetic sequence stands out among these sequences’ simplicity and wide range of applications. An arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers in which the difference between consecutive terms remains constant, known as the common difference. This characteristic makes arithmetic sequences both easy to understand and powerful in various mathematical contexts.

## What is an Arithmetic Sequence Formula?

The arithmetic sequence formula is a way to describe the n-th term of an arithmetic sequence. If we know the first term of the sequence (denoted by ‘** a**‘) and the common difference (‘

**‘), we can determine any term in the sequence using this formula.**

**d**The general formula for the n^{th }term (T_{n}) of an arithmetic sequence is given by:

T_{n}= a+ (n – 1) d

Where,

: This is the starting point of the sequence. It represents the initial value from which the sequence begins.**First Term (a)**: This is the consistent difference between any two successive terms in the sequence. If the sequence is increasing, d is positive. If the sequence is decreasing, d is negative.**Common Difference (d)**: This represents the term number we are interested in finding.**Position of the Term (n)**

### Applications of Arithmetic Sequences Formula

Arithmetic sequences are not just theoretical constructs but have practical applications in various fields. Here are some key areas where arithmetic sequence formulas are commonly used:

: The total amount to be repaid on a loan can be calculated using arithmetic sequences.**Loan Repayment Schedules**: Arithmetic sequences are used in algorithms that require uniform increments or decrements, such as iterating through arrays or lists.**Data Structures**: In kinematics, uniform acceleration problems often lead to arithmetic sequences. For example, the displacement of an object under uniform acceleration can be analyzed using these sequences.**Motion Analysis**: Some grading systems use arithmetic sequences to assign grades based on uniform score increments.**Grading Systems**: Predicting future values of economic indicators that change uniformly over time, such as monthly sales increases or production quantities.**Economic Predictions**

## Formulas of Arithmetic Sequence

Let us look at all the Arithmetic Sequence Formulas in detail:

### Formula 1: General Formula for the n^{th }Term

This formula allows you to find any term in the sequence if you know the first term and the common difference. The formula for the n^{th }term (**T**** _{n}**) of an arithmetic sequence is:

T_{n}= a+ (n – 1) d

where,

**T** is the n_{n}^{th }term of the sequence.is the first term of the sequence.**a**is the position of the term in the sequence.**n**is the common difference between consecutive terms.**d**

### Formula 2: Sum of the First n Terms (Arithmetic Series)

These formulas help you calculate the total of the first ** n terms** in the sequence.

When you know the** first term **and the

**, the sum of the first n terms (Sn) of an arithmetic sequence can be calculated using the formula:**

**common difference**

S_{n}= (n/2) [2a+ (n – 1) d]

** Alternatively**, when you know the

**and the**

**first term****, the sum of the first n terms (**

**last term**

**S****) of an arithmetic sequence can be calculated using the formula:**

_{n}

S_{n }= (n/2) [a_{1}+ T_{n}]

Where,

**S** = sum of the first n terms_{n}= first term**a**= number of terms**n**= common difference**d****T** = n_{n}^{th }term

### Formula 3: Common Difference

This formula helps determine the consistent interval between terms in the sequence. If you need to find the common difference (d) when you know two terms in the sequence, use:

d = T_{n}– T_{n – 1}

where,

= Common Difference**d****T**= n_{n}^{th }term**T**= (n-1)_{n – 1}^{th }term

### Formula 4: Finding the Number of Terms

This formula is useful for determining how many terms exist in a given range of an arithmetic sequence. To find the number of terms (n) in an arithmetic sequence between two given terms, you can rearrange the general formula:

n = (T_{n}– a)/d + 1

Where,

**T** = last term in the sequence_{n}= first term**a**= common difference**d**

**Read More,**

- Sum of Arithmetic Sequence Formula
- Geometric Progression
- Basic Math Formulas

## Examples of Arithmetic Sequence Formula

**Example 1: Find the 10**^{th}** term of an arithmetic sequence where the first term a**_{1}** is 5 and the common difference d is 3.**

**Solution:**

The formula for the nth term of an arithmetic sequence is:

a

_{n}= a+ (n – 1) · d_{1}Here, a

= 5, d = 3, and n = 10._{1}a

= 5 + (10 – 1) · 3_{10}⇒ a

_{10}= 5 + 9 · 3⇒ a

_{10}= 5 + 27⇒ a

_{10}= 32So, the 10

^{th}term is 32.

**Example 2: Find the sum of the first 15 terms of an arithmetic sequence where the first term a**_{1}** is 7 and the common difference d is 4.**

**Solution:**

The formula for the sum of the first n terms Sn of an arithmetic sequence is:

S

_{n}= (n/2) · (2a+ (n – 1) · d)_{1}Here, a1 = 7, d = 4, and n = 15.

S

_{15}= (15/2) · (2 · 7 + (15 – 1) · 4)⇒ S

_{15}= (15/2) · (14 + 14 · 4)⇒ S

_{15}= (15/2) · (14 + 56)⇒ S

_{15}= (15/2) · 70⇒ S

_{15}= 15 · 35⇒ S

_{15}= 525So, the sum of the first 15 terms is 525.

**Example 3: Find the common difference of an arithmetic sequence where the 3**^{rd}** term is 11 and the 7**^{th}** term is 23.**

**Solution:**

The formula for the n

term of an arithmetic sequence is:^{th}an = a

+ (n – 1) · d_{1}Let a

= 11 and a_{3}= 23._{7}From the formula for the n

term, we have two equations:^{th}

- a
= a_{3}+ 2d_{1}- a
= a_{7}+ 6d_{1}Subtracting the first equation from the second:

a

– a_{7}= (a_{3}+ 6d) – (a_{1}+ 2d)_{1}⇒ 23 – 11 = 4d

⇒ 12 = 4d

⇒ d = 3

So, the common difference is 3.

**Example 4: Find the sum of the terms from the 4**^{th}** term to the 10**^{th}** term of an arithmetic sequence where the first term a**_{1}** is 2 and the common difference d is 5.**

**Solution:**

First, find the 4

and 10^{th}terms using the nth term formula:^{th}For the 4

term:^{th}a

_{4}= a_{1}+ (4 – 1) · d⇒ a

_{4}= 2 + 3 · 5⇒ a

_{4}= 2 + 15⇒ a

_{4}= 17For the 10th term:

a

_{10}= a_{1}+ (10 – 1) · da

_{10}= 2 + 9 · 5a

_{10}= 2 + 45a

_{10}= 47Now, find the sum of the terms from the 4

to the 10th term using the sum formula:^{th}The number of terms from the 4

to the 10^{th}term is 10 – 4 + 1 = 7.^{th}The sum of these terms is:

S

_{7}= 7/2 · (a4 + a10)S

_{7}= 7/2 · (17 + 47)S

_{7}= 7/2 · 64S

_{7}= 7 · 32 = 224So, the sum of the terms from the 4

to the 10^{th}term is 224.^{th}

## Arithmetic Sequence Formula – FAQs

### What is an arithmetic sequence?

An arithmetic sequence is a sequence of numbers in which the difference between consecutive terms is constant. This difference is known as the common difference.

### How do you find the nth term of an arithmetic sequence?

The nth term of an arithmetic sequence can be found using the formula:

T_{n}where= a+ (n – 1) dT_{n} is the nth term, a is the first term, d is the common difference, and n is the term number.

### What is the common difference in an arithmetic sequence?

The common difference is the constant amount that each term in an arithmetic sequence increases or decreases by. It can be found by subtracting any term from the subsequent term.

### What is the arithmetic mean?

The arithmetic mean between two numbers a and b is the number that is exactly halfway between them. It is calculated as:

(a+b)/2

### Can an arithmetic sequence have a common difference of zero?

, if the common difference is zero, all terms in the arithmetic sequence are the same. This is a special case where the sequence is constant.Yes

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